Three Approaches to Center of Gravity Analysis: Heiland Since its inception as a core planning tenet, the process for determining COGs has been a point of contention and debate.
Speculation on proper COG determination has given rise to other COG methodologies, which have both questioned and challenged established doctrine for COG determination. Therefore, the objective of this article is to compare and contrast different COG determination methodologies to reveal strengths and weaknesses of each and ultimately to make recommendations for changes to joint doctrine.
When ISIL initiated large-scale offensive operations into Iraq in early Juneit propelled itself onto the global stage.
While other contemporary Islamic militant groups have stated similar objectives for establishing an Islamic caliphate,4 ISIL is unique in that it has made significant progress in pursuit of that goal by seizing control of large amounts of territory in Iraq and Syria.
With manning estimated at around 20, to 31,5 ISIL has been forcefully seizing territory in a conventional military fashion while still sometimes employing contemporary insurgency-type tactics.
In doing so, ISIL has been acquiring more supplies and sources of revenue to fuel its operations. Identify the ways to achieve the ends, and select the one that evidence suggests is most likely to work.
Ways are actions, so they are expressed as verbs. Then select the most elemental or essential action—that selection is the critical capability.
The ways are critical actions that will achieve the endstate.
Critical capabilities CC are the same verbs expressed in the ways; therefore, ways equal critical capabilities. List the means critical requirements needed to enable and execute the ways critical capabilities.
Select from the list of means the entity noun that possesses the innate way CC to tangibly achieve the end. This selection is the center of gravity. From the remaining items on the list, select those that are critical for the execution of the critical capability, which are the critical requirements.
Complete the process by identifying those critical requirements vulnerable to adversary actions. An example is the game of football.
The grand strategic objective is to win a championship. Other strategic objectives are winning games or winning a division. Operational objectives are to score touchdowns. Tactical objectives are scoring first downs. Strategically, coaches and their supporting staffs are the means necessary to manage, organize, train, and supply a football team.
Operationally, the means are, but are not limited to, adequate equipment, practices, physical training facilities, morale, and the players themselves. From the list, only the players can run, pass, catch, and execute plays—they are the operational COG.
The coaches possess the inherent capability to decide which players will play run, pass, and so forth ; therefore, they are the strategic COG. While these requirements are essential, they are not centers of gravity.
Opposition in Syria and Iraq military and civilian must be neutralized or destroyed.An enemy center of gravity (CG) has the moral or physical ability to prevent friendly mission accomplishment.
The critical "Centers of Gravity, Critical Vulnerabilities and the British- get on with the CG-CC-CR-CV analysis. But if you believe they do (or . REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, in the center of gravity analysis.
Using the PMESII framework to guide analysis, Venezuela was generally examined as a system of systems to identify nodes, linkages, and Centers of Gravity (COGs) and . As with gravity, this is true of the price of oil, of which Venezuela has the largest proven reserves in the world.
After plummeting to historic lows in the late s, the price began to climb. July 1, — DOWNLOAD PDF Since the establishment of the center of gravity (COG) concept as a fundamental planning factor in joint military doctrine, its proper identification has been considered crucial in successful attainment of desired objectives.
As one analyst close to chavismo put it, “While the ‘military wing’ is not the only center of gravity in the Bolivarian political process, for a decade and a half it has been involved in all that happens in the state, in the government, in the chavista movement, and in the left in Venezuela” (Guerrero 75).