Portland african-american baseline essays

Furthermore, all Egyptians were black, and their abundance of the dark skin pigment, melanin, not only made them more humane and superior to lighter-skinned people in body and mind but also provided such paranormal powers as ESP and psychokinesis.

Portland african-american baseline essays

In contrast, we are not satisfied with the central content. Here are my notes: Information objectives drive the testing mission and strategy When you test a product, you have a defining objective.

What are you trying to learn about the product? Your mission is to achieve your information objective. So the information objective is more about what you want to know and the mission is more about what you will do.

This is where we introduce context-driven testing. The missions differ here, and so do the strategies for achieving them. The distinction between information objective and mission is too fine-grained.

It led to unhelpful discussions and questions. We gave students an assignment, in which we described several contexts and they had to discuss how testing would differ in them. This was too hard for too many students.

Portland african-american baseline essays

We have to provide a better foundation in the lecture and reading. Back when we created BBST 3.

Portland african-american baseline essays

The world has moved on, and what was, to some degree, hypothetical or experimental, has become established. Several different contexts grew out of the Agile Manifesto.

Whether we think this approach is wonderful or not, we should recognize it as a common context. A context-respecting tester who works for, or consults to, a company that develops software this way is going to have to figure out how to provide valuable testing services that fit within this model.

Context-driven testing requires the tester to adapt to the context—or leave. The career issues were often visible in the classes, but there was no place in the course to work on them.

Retired Lt. Col. of the U.S. Army, Retired Superintendent of the Portland, Oregon Public Schools

Continue with this as the course opener. Merge information objectives and mission into one concept mission which drives strategy. Tighten up on the set of definitions. Create a separate, well-focused treatment of career paths in software testing. This will become a supplementary video, probably presented in the lesson that addresses test automation.

Oracles are heuristic An oracle is a mechanism for determining whether a program passed or failed a test. InElaine Weyuker pointed out that perfect oracles rarely exist and that in practice, we rely on partial oracles.

Optional Accessories

A heuristic is a fallible but reasonable and useful decision rule. The heuristic aspect of a heuristic oracle is the idea that the behavior of software should usually but not always be consistent with a reasonable expectation.

Bach developed a list of reasonable expectations, such as the expectation that the current version of the software will behave similarly to a previous version.

This is usually correct, but sometimes it is wrong because of design improvement. Thus it is a heuristic. After the explanation, students worked through a challenging group assignment.

The Baseline Essay Project

We gave students some required readings, plus quiz questions and exam study guide questions but no assignment. This material worked well for RST. It did not work well in BBST. I published a critique:Brief Biosketch. Adele Diamond is the Canada Research Chair Professor of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver.

s; Henrietta Johnston became the first female artist working in the colonies.. ; Elizabeth Timothy was the first woman to print a formal newspaper as well as the first female franchise holder in the colonies. ; Jane Colden was the first woman in America to win distinction as a botanist.. ; Lydia Taft was the first woman to vote legally in Colonial America after her husband died. Portland Public Schools Geocultural Baseline Essay Series African-American Social Science Baseline Essay by John Henrik Clarke Biographical Sketch of the Author. On May 25 th at the Computers & Writing Conference, Kairos awarded Teacher-Scholar-Activist the John Lovas award for best academic blog. The editors of TSA are deeply honored. We want to thank the committee and all of our contributors from the last year and a half. John Lovas was a teacher, scholar, and public intellectual whose work continues to influence the Teacher-Scholar-Activist.

The African-American Baseline Essays are a series of educational materials commissioned in by the Portland public school district in Portland, Oregon and compiled by Asa Grant Hilliard III, intended to "provide information about the history, culture. African and African-American Contributions to Science and Technology by Hunter Havelin Adams III Social Science African-American Baseline Essay by John Henrik Clarke African and African-American Contributions to World Music by Charshee Lawrence-McIntyre, Ph.D.

Instruction, Curriculum & Assessment / Baseline Essays

As described previously (Ortiz de Montellano ), these ideas are being taught in the several urban school districts that have adopted the Portland African-American Baseline Essays. The Science Baseline Essay (Adams a) claims, among other things, that thousands of years ago Egyptians flew in gliders, electroplated gold, knew accurately.

Gmail is email that's intuitive, efficient, and useful. 15 GB of storage, less spam, and mobile access. Availability and status of each Baseline Essay Series: African-American Baseline Essays This series was released in View the Preface to the African/African-American Baseline Essays.

Preface To The African/African-American Baseline Essays