A graduate of the University of Pittsburgh and St.
A set of notes on the topic will be provided, and will include three bullet points. Candidates will be asked to select two of the bullet points and to base their essay on those two points.
They should not attempt to discuss more than two of the points, as this will lead to the essay being less developed than required. Candidates will also be asked to explain which of the two points is more important in a given respect, and to give reasons for their opinion.
Candidates will be given three short opinions related to the bullet points. They may, if they wish, use these to help develop their essay, but they should do so in their own words, as far as possible. AN ESSAY is usually written for an academic tutor and may be a follow-up to an activity, such as attending a panel discussion or watching a documentary.
It should be well organised, with an introduction, clear development, and an appropriate conclusion. The main purpose of an essay in the Cambridge English: Advanced CAE Writing paper is to underline relevant salient issues on a topic, and to support an argument with subsidiary points and reasons.
Use your own words. In the introduction, state the topic clearly, give a brief outline of the issue, saying why it is important or why people have different opinions about it. Each new paragraph has one main idea, stated in a topic sentence. If you include a drawback, give a possible solution, too.
Do not be too emotional. Model questions and answers Essay 1 - Model question TASK Your class has attended a panel discussion on what methods governments should use to discourage the use of private cars in the centre of the city.
You have made the notes below. You should explain which method you think is more important for governments to consider, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion but you should use your own words as far as possible.
Write your essay in words in an appropriate style. Essay 1 - Model answer Too much traffic is a major headache for everyone in the city due to the noise, pollution and, of course, terrible delays during the rush hour.
How can the government reduce traffic and dissuade people from driving their cars into the centre every day? In this essay, I will discuss two possible approaches to this pressing yet complex issue. The first option to consider is an education campaign which could comprise of visual and radio advertising, presentations to businesses and special designated days such as 'Wall to Work day'.
Compared to the high cost of significantly upgrading our public transport system, advertising is relatively low-cost and straightforward to implement. On the other hand, it is difficult to gauge the effectiveness of such campaign in advance because it relies on individuals changing their ingrained habits.
A second alternative would be to levy a tax on parking in the city. This could be applied both to businesses and directly to consumers.
While it is true that this would have immediate gains in revenue and change behaviour, taxes are unpopular and could also place unfair pressure on small businesses and individuals who do not have other transport options for work. In my view, a multi-faceted education campaign would be the most effective starting point.
In the future, a tax could be a possible option but it would be tolerated better once citizens are educated about the benefits of fewer cars and a more pedestrianised centre.
Some opinions expressed during the discussion 'There need to be specialist sports teachers for children and students of all ages. You should explain which action you think is more important, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed during the discussion but you should use your own words as far as possible.
Essay 2 - Model answer We often hear about the many benefits of health and fitness. However, less often do we hear concrete suggestions for how to improve participation rates, particularly among young people. In this essay I will discuss two possible actions that governments could focus on in order to promote health and fitness to youth today.
The first possible action is to improve physical education teaching in schools. Local students have at times complained that the curriculum is rigid and emphasises repetitive activities instead of team sports and enjoyment.
Better role models and more adventurous options could lead to improved attitude and participation.While you may feel like there are never enough hours in the day to get things done, not spending enough quality time with your child can have detrimental effects on his bond with you, his well being and his school success.
On a shoestring budget (and what entrepreneur isn't?), it really pays to scrimp and save. Just in case you've forgotten the value of a hard-earned penny, we've come up with a slew of money-saving.
Is There a God? Does God exist? Here are six straightforward reasons to believe that God is really there. Modern Parenthood. Roles of Moms and Dads Converge as They Balance Work and Family. The way mothers and fathers spend their time has changed dramatically in the past half century.
We Don't Spend Enough Time with Each Other Letter #1. Introduction: My recipe for a great marriage is simple. (1) meet each other's most important emotional needs and (2) don't be the cause of each other's unhappiness. He may feel like he's not important enough to be worthy of your time or that you don't want to spend time with him.
Anderson suggests reducing your family's outside commitments, so you have time to connect while actually doing .