History[ edit ] The institution of marriage in Japan has changed radically over the last millennium. Indigenous practices adapted first to Chinese Confucianism during the medieval eraand then to Western concepts of individualismgender equalityromantic loveand the nuclear family during the modern era.
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See Article History Dowry, the moneygoods, or estate that a woman brings to her husband or his family in marriage.
One of the basic functions of a dowry has been to serve as a form of protection for the wife against the very real possibility of ill treatment by her husband and his family. A dowry used in this way is actually a conditional gift that is supposed to be restored to the wife or her family if the husband divorcesabusesor commits other grave offenses against her.
Land and precious metals have often been used in this form of dowry and are frequently inalienable by the husband, though he might otherwise use and profit from them during the marriage. A dowry sometimes serves to help a new husband discharge the responsibilities that go with marriage.
This function assumes special importance in societies where marriages have regularly been made between very young people; the dowry enables the new couple to establish a household, which they otherwise would not have been able to do. These exchanges are not purely economic but instead serve to ratify the marriage and consolidate friendship between the two families.
In medieval and Renaissance Europethe dowry frequently served not only to enhance the desirability of a woman for marriage but also to build the power and wealth of great families and even to determine the frontiers and policies of states.
The use of dowries more or less disappeared in Europe in the 19th and 20th centuries. In some other places, however, dowries grew in popularity at the end of the 20th century, even when declared illegal or otherwise discouraged by governments. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:This article presents a systematic critique of phylogenetic linguistic methodology as applied to social or cultural data.
The example that occasions this criticism is a article by Fortunato, Holden, and Mace on marriage transfers (dowry) in the Indo-European areas. The present article advances certain general proposals for methods of reconstructing the evolution of a custom .
The Art of the Dowry Chest. November/December PDF; Creatives; Then; For centuries across much of the globe, it has been the custom for women to bring with them on marriage not only money, but also linen, personal clothes and jewelry. especially to France. Chests were commissioned, as were sets of furniture in the European style. People’s customs go back and forth between bride price and dowry depending on many things. For example, it depends on whether there are more single women or more single men. It can also depend on the power of women in that culture. Dec 09, · AFRICAN TRADITIONAL MARRIAGE, THE CHURCH AND WESTERN EUROPEAN MARRIAGE CONCEPT - PART 2. December 9, at PM. Marriage in Modern Day Western Culture: The groom’s family begins by presenting the dowry and all the other items on the list one, by one. At each stage, the items are .
Dowry: Dowry, the money, goods, or estate that a woman brings to her husband or his family in marriage. Most common in cultures that are strongly patrilineal and that expect women to reside with or near their husband’s family (patrilocality), dowries have a long history in Europe, South Asia, Africa, and.
Transcript of Marriage Customs and Gender Roles in Medieval Europe. Marriage Customs and Gender Roles in Medieval Europe No dowry; no marriage. Often the lands in a wife's dowry (money, goods, or estate a wife brings) could provide lots of .
People’s customs go back and forth between bride price and dowry depending on many things. For example, it depends on whether there are more single women or more single men. It can also depend on the power of women in that culture.
The custom of dowry, in India, has spread through the hierarchy of social stratification. Several feminists suggest that the practice was initially adopted by the upper castes, then over a period of time it has been passed down into lower castes, and eventually reaches the untouchables, the outcasts.
Marriage and European Dowry Custom. Marriage and European Dowry Custom Lobolo or Lobola (Mahadi in Sesotho; sometimes translated as bride price) is a traditional Southern African custom whereby the man pays the family of his fiancee for her hand in marriage (Compare with the European dowry custom where the woman brings assets).