Ancient egyptian and mesopotamian cultures

Jordan Johnson Compare Egyptian culture to Mesopotamian culture. How and why were they different?

Ancient egyptian and mesopotamian cultures

The Euphrates, Tigris, and the Nile deposited silt along riverbanks which made the adjoining land extremely fertile. In Egypt, the Nile served as a means of transportation and also provided protection from enemies because its marshy deltas made invasion almost impossible.

Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, though, had fundamental differences in the way their societies were ruled, as well as in developments concerning cultural and religious life. In ancient Egypt, the Pharaoh was considered to be the representative of the gods on earth.

The majority of noblemen who were appointed to significant positions in ancient Egypt were related to the Pharaoh.

Ancient egyptian and mesopotamian cultures

Upon his death, only a son of the Pharaoh could succeed him. In ancient Mesopotamia, society consisted of self-governing regional states for ten centuries before Sargon the Great was proclaimed as king in BCE Brisch et al.

The citizens of Mesopotamia, however, did not consider the king or his successors to be divine.

Ancient egyptian and mesopotamian cultures

In Mesopotamia, most of the scribes were the members of noble families and not related to ruling kings. Another major difference between ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia has to do with religion and culture. In Mesopotamia, women could get permits to participate in trade, and even managed property. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia had highly evolved cultures which supported the development of writing styles and languages.

Cuneiform, which was expressed through pie shapes, was written in clay tablets which would then be exposed to the sun to dry. In ancient Egypt, the scribes used hieroglyphics to express ideas and concepts.

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In ancient Egypt, as in Mesopotamia, multiple gods and goddesses were worshipped. In Mesopotamia, large buildings named ziggurats served as temples where worshippers could make sacrifices and pray Connan, In ancient Egypt, temples were ordinary house-like structures where rituals were often conducted by priests to appease numerous gods and goddesses.

Ancient Egyptians also took care to prepare themselves for the afterlife during their lives on earth. They believed that the Ka, or human soul, could not survive in the afterlife without its body National Gallery of Art, The priests of ancient Egypt were tasked with conducting mummification to preserve corpses.

Large tombs known as pyramids were erected for deceased Pharaohs to preserve their bodies and belongings, so that they could use them in the afterlife.

As depicted in Gilgamesh, Enkidu and the Netherworld, the people of Mesopotamia were also careful to prepare themselves for life after death Brisch et al.Ancient History and Culture. The Roman Empire and Qing Dynasty are now only ruins, but there’s far more to discover about the ancient world.

Ancient Egyptian religion - Wikipedia

Explore classical history, mythology, language and literature, and learn more about the many fascinating figures of the ancient world. In ancient Mesopotamia, two year-old children were buried next to the bodies of eight sacrificed people. Compare Egyptian culture to Mesopotamian culture.

How and why were they different? In what ways were they similar? It is natural to want to draw similarities to two early civilizations as great as Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt, and they offer many differences and similarities.

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Clothing was hardly a practical necessity in North Africa and what is today the Middle East. Often a luxury item in these warm.

Index of Egyptian History. Egyptian history constitutes an awesome period of time. Including the Ptolemies, it covers at least three thousand years (c BC).By contrast, the Roman Emperor Augustus.

The Incas was the largest Empire in South America in the Pre-Columbian era. This civilization flourished in the areas of present-day Ecuador, Peru, and Chile and had its administrative, military and political center located at .

Ancient Mesopotamia History: Timeline, Facts, Culture and Society